Hemorrhoids are blood vessels (veins) in the anal canal. They become swollen inside and these are known as internal hemorrhoids. You can not really feel them but sometimes when they are irritated there will be blood on the toilet tissue when having a bowel movement. External hemorrhoids can be boring and you can feel them on the opening of your anus. It is not very comfortable at all. Some hemorrhoids can get into a state of thrombosis in which some people have had to go to a doctor to have the pressure released. You can also have both types of hemorrhoids at the same time. Also, hemorrhoids are also known as hemroids and also piles.
Hemorrhoids can vary from person to person and can be caused from having too much pressure in the pelvic area from sitting too long. Usually when training to have a bowel movement this causes increased pressure and this will cause the vein in the tissue to swell and stretch. In a normal condition the tissue inside the anus is what fills with blood and this helps to control bowel movements. Although, sometimes it swells too much and causes internal hemorrhoids from irritation.
Also, it does not matter whether you have constipation or diarrhea they both lead to training and this causes increased pressure on these veins in the anal canal. Overweight people can have a tendency to get hemorrhoids and pregnant women in the last 6 months or so of their pregnancy can also have a hemorrhoid problem. During childbirth when she is training to have the baby this can make the hemorrhoids come out and can make the hemorrhoids worse.
It is best to go to a doctor to at least know for sure if you do have a hemorrhoid problem. The doctor can tell if it is a hemorrhoid problem or if there may be another reason you may have bleeding or pressure in the rectal area. This can be done with usually a gloved hand examination in which the doctor will use his finger for the exam. If there may be another problem then the physician may use a sigmoidoscope or even may want you to have a colonoscopy if there might be a more serious problem. But, do not panic just be sure to get this checked out.
In treating hemorrhoids sometimes all the treatment you will need is to use an over-the-counter ointment for a short term period. Home treatments do work in a lot of cases and some do not. One thing is to increase your water intake and you may try to use stool softeners if you have a constipation problem. Some of the foods to eat that do help with putting more fiber in your body consist of fruits, whole grains, and vegetables. If you have a really severe hemorrhoid problem one treatment that the doctor may recommend may be to tie off the hemorrhoids with rubbers bands. There are surgery treatments available for removal hemorrhoids if all other remedies do not cure your hemorrhoid problem.